Codeforces 611C. New Year and Domino

They say “years are like dominoes, tumbling one after the other“. But would a year fit into a grid? I don’t think so.

Limak is a little polar bear who loves to play. He has recently got a rectangular grid with h rows and w columns. Each cell is a square, either empty (denoted by ‘.‘) or forbidden (denoted by ‘#‘). Rows are numbered 1 through h from top to bottom. Columns are numbered 1through w from left to right.

Also, Limak has a single domino. He wants to put it somewhere in a grid. A domino will occupy exactly two adjacent cells, located either in one row or in one column. Both adjacent cells must be empty and must be inside a grid.

Limak needs more fun and thus he is going to consider some queries. In each query he chooses some rectangle and wonders, how many way are there to put a single domino inside of the chosen rectangle?

Input

The first line of the input contains two integers h and w (1 ≤ h, w ≤ 500) – the number of rows and the number of columns, respectively.

The next h lines describe a grid. Each line contains a string of the length w. Each character is either ‘.‘ or ‘#‘ — denoting an empty or forbidden cell, respectively.

The next line contains a single integer q (1 ≤ q ≤ 100 000) — the number of queries.

Each of the next q lines contains four integers r1i, c1i, r2i, c2i (1 ≤ r1i ≤ r2i ≤ h, 1 ≤ c1i ≤ c2i ≤ w) — the i-th query. Numbers r1i and c1i denote the row and the column (respectively) of the upper left cell of the rectangle. Numbers r2i and c2i denote the row and the column (respectively) of the bottom right cell of the rectangle.

Output

Print q integers, i-th should be equal to the number of ways to put a single domino inside the i-th rectangle.

Examples

题意简述

给出一个矩阵,有些地方有障碍,每次询问一个子矩阵内放一个多米诺骨牌有多少种放法?

分析

分成两种情况——一个格子和左边格子组成多米诺、一个格子和上面格子组成多米诺,然后做个矩阵的前缀,求子矩阵和就好了。

 

1 comment

发表评论